The usage of performance enhancing drugs a.k.a. steroids by professional athletes has been an issue since the early 1960’s. The issue has been gaining so much of prominence during the last decade with a tremendous increase in the number of athletes using prohibited substance to enhance their performance during competition.
This way they gain an unfair advantage over the other competitors in the event. There were so many celebrity athletes that were banned from participating in major championships due to “doping” or using performance enhancing drugs. This article provides a comprehensive overview on the usage of HGH and steroids in professional sports.
Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances that stimulates the proteins responsible for building muscle mass in the human body. This will eventually help an athlete become stronger making him or her capable of training or playing for a longer period of time compared to the average athlete. There are many types of performance enhancing drugs out there.
Human growth hormones (HGH), supplements, anabolic steroids and stimulants are some of the most popular today.
Tetrahydrogestrinone a.k.a. THG is the most common anabolic steroid used by the majority of athletes today. This was the drug that was used by high profile and celebrity athletes such as Barry Bonds (baseball player) and Marion Jones (track star).
Stimulants are helpful in boosting the energy levels of the athlete. It is extremely helpful after a strenuous training session. Amphetamines are considered one of the most popular stimulants taken by celebrity athletes nowadays.
Androstenediones a.k.a. “Andro” was an over-the-counter substance sometime back. Later, it was banned by the Olympics Committee, NLF, MLB and NCAA. The drug helps the human body process testosterone effectively, and enhance energy and recovery time after workout sessions.
What Is HGH And Why Do Professional Athletes Use It?
Human growth hormone or HGH is available only by a prescription. It is usually administered as an injection. Athletes take the supplement for improved strength and endurance during a workout session or the actual competition. There were so many famous athletes that were banned from sports for life due to performance enhancing drug scandals.
Since its inception, HGH has remained an anabolic that attracted so many conflicting opinions. Many athletes have used this substance for additional muscle growth and performance enhancement.
These drugs were used in larger quantities in the bodybuilding circles in the 1960’s. The bodybuilders at that particular time knew that they had found a critical factor required to take them several levels higher towards physical perfection.
These people never looked back since then. HGH had helped so many bodybuilders to achieve their desired muscle mass during this period of time. HGH is a natural hormone produced in the pituitary gland in the human brain. It is required in precise amounts for important body functions. Growth of body tissues and muscle are some of the main functions of this vital hormone.
The hormone would naturally decrease with aging. When you arrive at an age of 25-30 years, the HGH levels in your body would naturally decrease. It will cause so many unwanted side effects such as loss of energy, loss of muscle mass, weight gain and so many other lethargic issues. This is why synthetic HGH was produced in the laboratory in order to stimulate the production of human growth hormones in the pituitary gland.
What Are Steroids And Why Do Professional Athletes Risk Their Careers Taking Them?
Steroids can be taken orally or injected. Injected steroids are broken down into two major categories such as long lasting steroids and those that last a shorter time. Water-soluble shorter lasting ones have become popular since the recent years. The reason that injections became popular is because oral steroids were causing more damage to the liver than the injected ones. But the injected version is also not totally free of unwanted side effects.
Not only celebrity athletes take steroids, there are so many other white and blue collar workers, males, females, young and old people addicted to this substance. All of them do it just for one reason and that is to look, feel and perform better.
They don’t care about the side effects because the immediate benefit is more tangible than its dangers. Anabolic steroids are designed to mimic the bodybuilding capabilities of testosterone. The average male will produce less than 10-milligrams of testosterone per day.
Females also produce this hormone but in much lower amounts. Celebrity athletes use far more than this amount in order to enhance their performances. Most athletes use more than 100 milligrams per day, which is far more than the recommended daily dosage for legitimate medical purposes. Anabolic steroids don’t improve cardiovascular capacity, agility or skills for that matter. This is why you need to rethink the strategy of enhancing your performance with anabolic steroids by ignoring its dangers.
Side Effects Of Steroids
There are numerous unwanted side effects of anabolic steroids. Some of them are visible to the naked eye while the others are internal. Some of these effects are physical while the others are psychological. Excessive usage of steroid will cause irreversible side effects or the side effects may not be detected until it is too late.
Physical side effects can include impotence, reduced sperm count, difficulty or pain while urinating, shrinking of testicles, acne, bloated appearance, liver damage, clotting disorders, weakened tendons, rapid gain of weight, high cholesterol levels, strokes and development of breasts. Women may experience facial hair growth, menstrual cycle changes, deepened voice and breast reduction.
Professional Athletes Using Steroids And HGH
There were so many high profile athletes that were banned from taking part in future competitions due to testing positive to anabolic steroids. The latest incident occurred on 30th January 2015 where Kenya’s Rita Jeptoo, a two time Chicago marathon and three time Boston marathon winner was banned from competing for 2-years after testing positive for performance enhancing drugs.
In 2013, Lance Armstrong admitted to have used banned performance enhancing drugs in an interview with Oprah Winfrey. The Olympic Games Bronze Medal he won in 2000 in Sydney was stripped by the IOC due to this reason. There are so many other examples where celebrity athletes were stripped of their precious medals because of testing positive for performance enhancing drugs.